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You don't have to drive to Starbucks to get your perfect cup of coffee - you can brew your own at home using the right beans and technique to get a delicious cup. Review some essential information about coffee beans and how to brew them, according to CoffeeResearch.org and the Coffee Review, so you can identify you favorite cup of joe.
There are several methods or machines you can use to brew your own coffee. Some develop better flavor than others, while certain techniques are simply more convenient. Before brewing, you want to ensure that you have fresh coffee beans that you grind yourself a home. Grinders are fairly inexpensive and let you grind at a finer or courser density depending on the type of brewer you're using.
The automatic drip is your traditional coffee machine. The device works by allowing hot water to sink through ground up coffee beans and a filter. While this is the brewing technique most people find easiest, it often produces the least desirable coffee. The machine generally doesn't have the right temperature or drip for the correct amount of time to get full flavor. You can help get a better cup from your brewer by wetting the filter to remove the paper taste and remove the glass carafe when it is full to avoid burning the coffee. Each brewer works a bit differently, so follow the directions for your machine to get the best brew.
A French Press coffee maker may be a bit more time consuming to use, but it also produces a better flavor by allowing the user to control how long and at what temperature it brews. By eliminating the paper filter, the natural oils on the coffee grounds that are full of flavor get absorbed into the beverage. Another benefit to the French Press is that it is a cheap brewing method.
To use, boil the right amount of water (a liter for every 55 grams), place fresh ground beans in the bottom of the glass and then add the water. Note: don't add the water while it is still boiling. Ideally, you want the temperature of the water to be between 195 to 205 degrees. Mix the water and grounds by shaking gently. After four or five minutes, press down the plunger to separate the grounds.
While the French Press produces a better taste, it also makes a bit more of a mess - it takes more time to brew and clean. Your cup may also have more grounds in it.
A vacuum coffee pot is a machine with two glass bulbs where water is boiled in the bottom and the grounds are placed in the top. After the water boils into the top, remove from the stove. As the glass cools, a vacuum is created which sucks the water back down through a filter which removes the grinds. It should take about four or five minutes, the proper amount of time to brew a delicious cup.
The vacuum pot eliminates the need for a paper filter, which can be distasteful in an automatic brewer, and ensures a lack of grounds in your cup.
Making espresso requires precision in the grinding and dosing of the coffee grounds just as much as it requires the right brewing technique. The beans should be ground fresh into a fine grain. The coffee is packed tight into a brewer and water is pushed through for 20 to 30 seconds.
You need a special machine to brew espresso, which can be much more expensive than other kinds of brewers. It is ideal, though, if you enjoy a less bitter taste. Concentrated espresso is often combined with milk, cream or even water to dilute the flavor slightly. This is the coffee that cafes use to create lattes, cappuccinos and other specialty drinks.
Spilling the beans
Perhaps the most important aspect of creating the perfect cup of coffee is which type of beans you select. Everything from the type of bean, where the beans are from and how they are roasted matters when it comes to creating a delicious final product.
Arabica and Robusta are two distinct types of coffee beans. There are many of other coffee species, but these are the two most common you will find. The majority of beans will be Arabica, which account for 75 to 80 percent of the world's coffee production. Robusta account for the other 20 percent, according to CoffeeReview. The differences come in taste and caffeine content. Robusta have more caffeine, but Arabica produces a better flavor.
Where, oh, where to find the beans
Most coffee comes from Latin America, but beans are also grown in Asia, South America and East Africa. Where the beans are from often affects the flavor because the kinds of plants, growing conditions and processing methods are different based on geographical area.
Coffees grown in Colombia are known for being bold, intensely acidic and full-bodied and are popular among coffee aficionados. Caribbean coffees are big-bodied with a balanced flavor and less acidic, Nicaraguan coffees are a bit meatier and those from Peru tend to be sweeter.
East African coffees tend to have a very distinct flavor, with floral and fruity flavors. Ethiopian coffees are almost perfumed and have a more acidic taste than Kenyan coffees, which are more berry-flavored. Zambian coffee is softer on the palate and very fruity.
The coffees from the island nations of Indonesia, Timor and Papua New Guinea are the most popular among Asian coffees. Those from Sumatra, Sulawesi and Timor have a deep flavor that is fruity, earthy and musty all at once. Some brighter, more delicate coffees originate from Java, Papua New Guinea and from Sumatra as well. Indian coffees have a deep body and taste almost malty.
YOUR Perfect Cup
Since each brewing technique, type of bean and geographical origin provide a much different flavor, finding your perfect cup of coffee will depend on your personal preferences. Get everything you need to create your perfect cup of coffee, from brewers to beans, using a Coffee.org or CoffeeRoom promotion code.